Version

Theme

Table Builder - Columns

Getting started

Overview

Filament Laracasts
Table Columns
Watch the Rapid Laravel Development with Filament series on Laracasts - it will teach you the basics of adding columns to Filament resource tables.
Kevin McKee
Kevin McKee
Instructor

Column classes can be found in the Filament\Tables\Columns namespace. You can put them inside the $table->columns() method:

use Filament\Tables\Table;
 
public function table(Table $table): Table
{
return $table
->columns([
// ...
]);
}

Columns may be created using the static make() method, passing its unique name. The name of the column should correspond to a column or accessor on your model. You may use "dot notation" to access columns within relationships.

use Filament\Tables\Columns\TextColumn;
 
TextColumn::make('title')
 
TextColumn::make('author.name')

Available columns

Filament ships with two main types of columns - static and editable.

Static columns display data to the user:

Editable columns allow the user to update data in the database without leaving the table:

You may also create your own custom columns to display data however you wish.

Setting a label

By default, the label of the column, which is displayed in the header of the table, is generated from the name of the column. You may customize this using the label() method:

use Filament\Tables\Columns\TextColumn;
 
TextColumn::make('title')
->label('Post title')

Optionally, you can have the label automatically translated using Laravel's localization features with the translateLabel() method:

use Filament\Tables\Columns\TextColumn;
 
TextColumn::make('title')
->translateLabel() // Equivalent to `label(__('Title'))`

Sorting

Columns may be sortable, by clicking on the column label. To make a column sortable, you must use the sortable() method:

use Filament\Tables\Columns\TextColumn;
 
TextColumn::make('name')
->sortable()
Table with sortable column

If you're using an accessor column, you may pass sortable() an array of database columns to sort by:

use Filament\Tables\Columns\TextColumn;
 
TextColumn::make('full_name')
->sortable(['first_name', 'last_name'])

You may customize how the sorting is applied to the Eloquent query using a callback:

use Filament\Tables\Columns\TextColumn;
use Illuminate\Database\Eloquent\Builder;
 
TextColumn::make('full_name')
->sortable(query: function (Builder $query, string $direction): Builder {
return $query
->orderBy('last_name', $direction)
->orderBy('first_name', $direction);
})

Sorting by default

You may choose to sort a table by default if no other sort is applied. You can use the defaultSort() method for this:

use Filament\Tables\Table;
 
public function table(Table $table): Table
{
return $table
->columns([
// ...
])
->defaultSort('stock', 'desc');
}

Persist sort in session

To persist the sorting in the user's session, use the persistSortInSession() method:

use Filament\Tables\Table;
 
public function table(Table $table): Table
{
return $table
->columns([
// ...
])
->persistSortInSession();
}

Searching

Columns may be searchable by using the text input field in the top right of the table. To make a column searchable, you must use the searchable() method:

use Filament\Tables\Columns\TextColumn;
 
TextColumn::make('name')
->searchable()
Table with searchable column

If you're using an accessor column, you may pass searchable() an array of database columns to search within:

use Filament\Tables\Columns\TextColumn;
 
TextColumn::make('full_name')
->searchable(['first_name', 'last_name'])

You may customize how the search is applied to the Eloquent query using a callback:

use Filament\Tables\Columns\TextColumn;
use Illuminate\Database\Eloquent\Builder;
 
TextColumn::make('full_name')
->searchable(query: function (Builder $query, string $search): Builder {
return $query
->where('first_name', 'like', "%{$search}%")
->orWhere('last_name', 'like', "%{$search}%");
})

Customizing the table search field placeholder

You may customize the placeholder in the search field using the searchPlaceholder() method on the $table:

use Filament\Tables\Table;
 
public static function table(Table $table): Table
{
return $table
->columns([
// ...
])
->searchPlaceholder('Search (ID, Name)');
}

Searching individually

You can choose to enable a per-column search input field using the isIndividual parameter:

use Filament\Tables\Columns\TextColumn;
 
TextColumn::make('name')
->searchable(isIndividual: true)
Table with individually searchable column

If you use the isIndividual parameter, you may still search that column using the main "global" search input field for the entire table.

To disable that functionality while still preserving the individual search functionality, you need the isGlobal parameter:

use Filament\Tables\Columns\TextColumn;
 
TextColumn::make('title')
->searchable(isIndividual: true, isGlobal: false)

You may optionally persist the searches in the query string:

use Livewire\Attributes\Url;
 
/**
* @var array<string, string | array<string, string | null> | null>
*/
#[Url]
public array $tableColumnSearches = [];

Customizing the table search debounce

You may customize the debounce time in all table search fields using the searchDebounce() method on the $table. By default it is set to 500ms:

use Filament\Tables\Table;
 
public static function table(Table $table): Table
{
return $table
->columns([
// ...
])
->searchDebounce('750ms');
}

Searching when the input is blurred

Instead of automatically reloading the table contents while the user is typing their search, which is affected by the debounce of the search field, you may change the behavior so that the table is only searched when the user blurs the input (tabs or clicks out of it), using the searchOnBlur() method:

use Filament\Tables\Table;
 
public static function table(Table $table): Table
{
return $table
->columns([
// ...
])
->searchOnBlur();
}

Persist search in session

To persist the table or individual column search in the user's session, use the persistSearchInSession() or persistColumnSearchInSession() method:

use Filament\Tables\Table;
 
public function table(Table $table): Table
{
return $table
->columns([
// ...
])
->persistSearchInSession()
->persistColumnSearchesInSession();
}

Column actions and URLs

When a cell is clicked, you may run an "action", or open a URL.

Running actions

To run an action, you may use the action() method, passing a callback or the name of a Livewire method to run. Each method accepts a $record parameter which you may use to customize the behavior of the action:

use Filament\Tables\Columns\TextColumn;
 
TextColumn::make('title')
->action(function (Post $record): void {
$this->dispatch('open-post-edit-modal', post: $record->getKey());
})

Action modals

You may open action modals by passing in an Action object to the action() method:

use Filament\Tables\Actions\Action;
use Filament\Tables\Columns\TextColumn;
 
TextColumn::make('title')
->action(
Action::make('select')
->requiresConfirmation()
->action(function (Post $record): void {
$this->dispatch('select-post', post: $record->getKey());
}),
)

Action objects passed into the action() method must have a unique name to distinguish it from other actions within the table.

Opening URLs

To open a URL, you may use the url() method, passing a callback or static URL to open. Callbacks accept a $record parameter which you may use to customize the URL:

use Filament\Tables\Columns\TextColumn;
 
TextColumn::make('title')
->url(fn (Post $record): string => route('posts.edit', ['post' => $record]))

You may also choose to open the URL in a new tab:

use Filament\Tables\Columns\TextColumn;
 
TextColumn::make('title')
->url(fn (Post $record): string => route('posts.edit', ['post' => $record]))
->openUrlInNewTab()

Setting a default value

To set a default value for columns with an empty state, you may use the default() method. This method will treat the default state as if it were real, so columns like image or color will display the default image or color.

use Filament\Tables\Columns\TextColumn;
 
TextColumn::make('description')
->default('No description.')

Adding placeholder text if a column is empty

Sometimes you may want to display placeholder text for columns with an empty state, which is styled as a lighter gray text. This differs from the default value, as the placeholder is always text and not treated as if it were real state.

use Filament\Tables\Columns\TextColumn;
 
TextColumn::make('description')
->placeholder('No description.')
Column with a placeholder for empty state

Hiding columns

To hide a column conditionally, you may use the hidden() and visible() methods, whichever you prefer:

use Filament\Tables\Columns\TextColumn;
 
TextColumn::make('role')
->hidden(! auth()->user()->isAdmin())
// or
TextColumn::make('role')
->visible(auth()->user()->isAdmin())

Toggling column visibility

Users may hide or show columns themselves in the table. To make a column toggleable, use the toggleable() method:

use Filament\Tables\Columns\TextColumn;
 
TextColumn::make('email')
->toggleable()
Table with toggleable column

Making toggleable columns hidden by default

By default, toggleable columns are visible. To make them hidden instead:

use Filament\Tables\Columns\TextColumn;
 
TextColumn::make('id')
->toggleable(isToggledHiddenByDefault: true)

Customizing the toggle columns dropdown trigger action

To customize the toggle dropdown trigger button, you may use the toggleColumnsTriggerAction() method, passing a closure that returns an action. All methods that are available to customize action trigger buttons can be used:

use Filament\Tables\Actions\Action;
use Filament\Tables\Table;
 
public function table(Table $table): Table
{
return $table
->filters([
// ...
])
->toggleColumnsTriggerAction(
fn (Action $action) => $action
->button()
->label('Toggle columns'),
);
}

Calculated state

Sometimes you need to calculate the state of a column, instead of directly reading it from a database column.

By passing a callback function to the state() method, you can customize the returned state for that column based on the $record:

use App\Models\Order;
use Filament\Tables\Columns\TextColumn;
 
TextColumn::make('amount_including_vat')
->state(function (Order $record): float {
return $record->amount * (1 + $record->vat_rate);
})

Tooltips

You may specify a tooltip to display when you hover over a cell:

use Filament\Tables\Columns\TextColumn;
 
TextColumn::make('title')
->tooltip('Title')
Table with column triggering a tooltip

This method also accepts a closure that can access the current table record:

use Filament\Tables\Columns\TextColumn;
use Illuminate\Database\Eloquent\Model;
 
TextColumn::make('title')
->tooltip(fn (Model $record): string => "By {$record->author->name}")

Horizontally aligning column content

Table columns are aligned to the start (left in LTR interfaces or right in RTL interfaces) by default. You may change the alignment using the alignment() method, and passing it Alignment::Start, Alignment::Center, Alignment::End or Alignment::Justify options:

use Filament\Support\Enums\Alignment;
use Filament\Tables\Columns\TextColumn;
 
TextColumn::make('email')
->alignment(Alignment::End)
Table with column aligned to the end

Alternatively, you may use shorthand methods like alignEnd():

use Filament\Tables\Columns\TextColumn;
 
TextColumn::make('name')
->alignEnd()

Vertically aligning column content

Table column content is vertically centered by default. You may change the vertical alignment using the verticalAlignment() method, and passing it VerticalAlignment::Start, VerticalAlignment::Center or VerticalAlignment::End options:

use Filament\Support\Enums\VerticalAlignment;
use Filament\Tables\Columns\TextColumn;
 
TextColumn::make('name')
->verticalAlignment(VerticalAlignment::Start)
Table with column vertically aligned to the start

Alternatively, you may use shorthand methods like verticallyAlignStart():

use Filament\Support\Enums\VerticalAlignment;
use Filament\Tables\Columns\TextColumn;
 
TextColumn::make('name')
->verticallyAlignStart()

Allowing column headers to wrap

By default, column headers will not wrap onto multiple lines, if they need more space. You may allow them to wrap using the wrapHeader() method:

use Filament\Tables\Columns\TextColumn;
 
TextColumn::make('name')
->wrapHeader()

Controlling the width of columns

By default, columns will take up as much space as they need. You may allow some columns to consume more space than others by using the grow() method:

use Filament\Tables\Columns\TextColumn;
 
TextColumn::make('name')
->grow()

Alternatively, you can define a width for the column, which is passed to the header cell using the style attribute, so you can use any valid CSS value:

use Filament\Tables\Columns\IconColumn;
 
IconColumn::make('is_paid')
->label('Paid')
->boolean()
->width('1%')

Grouping columns

You group multiple columns together underneath a single heading using a ColumnGroup object:

use Filament\Tables\Columns\ColumnGroup;
use Filament\Tables\Columns\IconColumn;
use Filament\Tables\Columns\TextColumn;
use Filament\Tables\Table;
 
public function table(Table $table): Table
{
return $table
->columns([
TextColumn::make('title'),
TextColumn::make('slug'),
ColumnGroup::make('Visibility', [
TextColumn::make('status'),
IconColumn::make('is_featured'),
]),
TextColumn::make('author.name'),
]);
}

The first argument is the label of the group, and the second is an array of column objects that belong to that group.

Table with grouped columns

You can also control the group header alignment and wrapping on the ColumnGroup object. To improve the multi-line fluency of the API, you can chain the columns() onto the object instead of passing it as the second argument:

use Filament\Support\Enums\Alignment;
use Filament\Tables\Columns\ColumnGroup;
 
ColumnGroup::make('Website visibility')
->columns([
// ...
])
->alignment(Alignment::Center)
->wrapHeader()

Custom attributes

The HTML of columns can be customized, by passing an array of extraAttributes():

use Filament\Tables\Columns\TextColumn;
 
TextColumn::make('slug')
->extraAttributes(['class' => 'bg-gray-200'])

These get merged onto the outer <div> element of each cell in that column.

Global settings

If you wish to change the default behavior of all columns globally, then you can call the static configureUsing() method inside a service provider's boot() method, to which you pass a Closure to modify the columns using. For example, if you wish to make all columns searchable() and toggleable(), you can do it like so:

use Filament\Tables\Columns\Column;
 
Column::configureUsing(function (Column $column): void {
$column
->toggleable()
->searchable();
});

Additionally, you can call this code on specific column types as well:

use Filament\Tables\Columns\TextColumn;
 
TextColumn::configureUsing(function (TextColumn $column): void {
$column
->toggleable()
->searchable();
});

Of course, you are still able to overwrite this on each column individually:

use Filament\Tables\Columns\TextColumn;
 
TextColumn::make('name')
->toggleable(false)
Edit on GitHub

Still need help? Join our Discord community or open a GitHub discussion